2 77 The Polish Underground State created a Department of Education and Culture (under Stanisław Lorentz ) which, along with a Department of Labor and Social Welfare (under Jan Stanisław Jankowski and, later, Stefan Mateja ) and a Department for Elimination of the Effects. 2 :29 The majority of the music is heavy and loud, but some of the music is a bit lighter. The studio suggested using old tracks in order to save on the cost of the film. They proceeded to confiscate, nationalize and redistribute private and state-owned Polish property. 27 :68 Despite the inferiority of Steiner's individual scores, his influence was largely historical. 41 Methods of composing edit Music as background to dialogue edit In the early days of sound, producers avoided underscoring music behind dialogue, feeling the audience would wonder where the music was coming from. 104 The majority of Polish underground presses were located in occupied Warsaw; until the Warsaw Uprising in the summer of 1944 the Germans found over 16 underground printing presses (whose crews were usually executed or sent to concentration camps). 7 :56 10 :2 Along with Mahler and Fuchs, he cited his teachers as Felix Weingartner and Edmund Eysler.